영어 독해 문제 #4 (김병천, 2015)


22. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?


Twin sirens hide in the sea of history, tempting those seeking to understand and appreciate the past onto the reefs of misunderstanding and misinterpretation. These twin dangers are temporocentrism and ethnocentrism. Temporocentrism is the belief that your times are the best of all possible times. All other times are thus inferior. Ethnocentrism is the belief that your culture is the best of all possible cultures. All other cultures are thus inferior. Temporocentrism and ethnocentrism unite to cause individuals and cultures to judge all other individuals and cultures by the “superior” standards of their current culture. This leads to a total lack of perspective when dealing with past and / or foreign cultures and a resultant misunderstanding and misappreciation of them. Temporocentrism and ethnocentrism tempt moderns into unjustified criticisms of the peoples of the past.


① distinct differences in the ways of recording history

② universal features discovered in different cultures

③ historians’ efforts to advocate their own culture

④ pros and cons of two cross-cultural perspectives

⑤ beliefs that cause biased interpretations of the past



2016 수능 영어 21번은 전에 풀었던 2016/10/10 - 2016 수능 영어 20번과 같은 형식의 문제이기 때문에 항목 1. ~ 4.까지는 20번 문제를 참고해 주시기 바랍니다.


5. 단순화

수능 문제는 최대한 핵심 (파란색 글씨)만 알면 됩니다. 모든 단어들을 알 필요는 없습니다.


What is temporocentrism (이후, T) and ethnocentrism (이후, E)?

T means your time is better than any other time.

E means your culture is better than any other culture.


T+E makes you think your “current culture” is the best.

T+E makes you compare other cultures with your culture.

T+E does not make you understand and appreciate others.


T+E makes you biased.



6. 단순화 해석

T와 E가 뭘까요?

T는 과거의 시간보다 지금 현재가 가장 좋다는 뜻이고요.

E는 당신의 문화가 다른 사람들의 문화보다 좋다는 뜻입니다.


T+E는 당신의 현재 문화가 가장 좋다고 생각하게 만듭니다.

T+E는 다른 사람들의 문화를 당신의 문화와 비교하게 만듭니다.

T+E는 당신이 다른 사람들의 문화를 이해하지 못하게 하고,진가를 알아보지 못하게 만듭니다.


T+E는 당신에게 편견을 심어줍니다.



7. 답 해석

① 역사를 쓰는 방법들의 다른 점들

② 다른 문화에서 찾을 수 있는 공통점들

③ 사학자들 자신들의 문화를 지지하는 노력들

④ 이문화 간 관점들의 장단점들

⑤ 과거의 편향된 해석을 초래하는 믿음들


8. 답


Reference


1. 김병천. (2015년 11월 19일). 김병천의 수능영어 : 2016 수능 22번. In 술술해석, 두배 빠른 술술 수능영어 출간. Retrieved from http://m.blog.daum.net/legoenglish/612



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